Malaria is a Mosquito-Borne Disease caused by a plasmodium parasite and spread by the Anopheles mosquito. The parasite is released into the bloodstream when mosquito bites a person. Once the parasites are in your body, they can travel to the liver. After few days, the parasites enter the bloodstream and start infecting the red blood cells (RBC). Later on, these parasites inside the red blood cells gets multiplied and causes the infected cells to burst open. There is no vaccine available to prevent Malaria.
Symptoms of Malaria
It is a flu-like illness, which begins with a high fever and chills. Other Symptoms include vomiting and nausea, headaches, body pain, weakness and fatigue.
How to Prevent
The treatment of malaria involves the use of prescribed antimalarial medication, mainly Artemisinin Combined Therapy(ACT).The dosage and type of medication will depend on a variety of factors, including age, type of malaria and in cases of pregnant women.
Top Tips of Preventing Malaria
Stay inside when it is dark outside, preferably in a screened or air-conditioned room.
Wear protective clothing (long pants and long-sleeved shirts).
Use flying-insect spray indoors around sleeping areas.
Always use a bed-net impregnated with insecticides
Use mosquito repellent
How do you diagnose malaria in a patient?
Microscopic Diagnosis. Malaria parasites can be identified by examining under the microscope a drop of the patient’s blood, spread out as a “blood smear” on a microscope slide. Prior to examination, the specimen is stained (most often with the Giemsa stain) to give the parasites a distinctive appearance. Most often, the Doctor recommends blood test for Malaria Parasite and Malaria Antigen along with Complete Blood Count (CBC) after a few days of initial fever.
Understanding Malaria pathology report
1.Malaria Antigen- It depends on two parameters:
– Plasmodium falciparum antigen
– P.vivax/P.malarae/P.ovale antigen
If anyone parameter is positive then Report is Positive.
If Both Are Negative Then Report Is Negative.
2. Malaria Parasite – Anyone can easily check the Report with the Help of the Parameter which is given below:
If Report is Negative then Malaria is NOT SEEN
If Report Is Positive then Malaria NOT SEEN
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